Nationalism: A Problem then, and Now

I must be blunt and say that nationalism is the theme that has been most prevalent in my papers. This could be due to my own bias in favor of the topic, or it might be a combination of my bias and the actual prevalence of nationalism in 1920s Paris. Whether by luck or...

Simultaneously Cryptic and Explicit

In light of biographical information pertaining to the sexual orientation of Poulenc and the Princesse de Polignac, I see no reason to exclude a queer reading of Les Biches, or Socrates. Although I would not have used a queer reading initially with these pieces, this...

The Character of a Place

Sometimes it is easy to forget that buildings and places have character. Buntrock has a radically different character or feel than Mellby or Thorson. In my research, it has become clear that the  character of a place can influence or be influenced by what happens...

Philia Does Not Imply Love

Racism is a kind of hatred that manifests itself in obvious and violent ways, and also in ways which are subtle and difficult to combat. The negrophilia of Parisians in the 1920s is one of the less obvious, but still pernicious occurrences of racism. But the question...

Close Friends = Intimate Information

       So far in my research the best resources I have found to discern how influential Georges Auric was to French music has been through the words of his nearly lifelong friend, Francis Poulenc. Auric and Poulenc met in 1916. Older than Auric by only a month,...